Peter Voulkos was an abstract expressionist ceramic artist and sculptor from the United States. He is renowned with redefining the ceramic medium and opening the door for modern ceramists. He was a key figure in the 1950s and 1960s American craft movement.
|Year||Peter Voulkos Event/Achievement|
|1924||Peter Voulkos is born on January 29 in Bozeman, Montana|
|1942||Voulkos enlists in the U.S. Army Air Corps and serves as a baker|
|1949||Voulkos earns a Bachelor of Fine Arts degree from Montana State University|
|1950||Voulkos receives a scholarship to study at the California College of the Arts|
|1953||Voulkos joins the faculty of the Los Angeles County Art Institute|
|1955||Voulkos becomes a founding member of the Otis Art Institute ceramics program|
|1958||Voulkos participates in the groundbreaking exhibition “New American Sculpture” at the Whitney Museum of American Art in New York and Voulkos’s famous sculpture “Rondena” is created|
|1960||Voulkos begins to incorporate metal and other materials into his ceramics|
|1968||Voulkos leaves the Otis Art Institute and moves to Berkeley, California|
|1973||Voulkos’s famous sculpture “Red River” is created|
|1979||Voulkos is awarded a Guggenheim Fellowship|
|1982||Voulkos is awarded a National Endowment for the Arts Visual Arts Fellowship|
|1985||Voulkos’s famous sculpture “Black Biscuit” is created|
|1995||Voulkos receives the Gold Medal for Ceramics from the American Craft Council|
|2002||Voulkos dies on February 16 in Bowling Green, Ohio|
Exploring the Innovative Legacy of Peter Voulkos
Peter Voulkos was born in 1924 in Bozeman, Montana to Greek immigrant parents. He grew up in the American West, but spent a significant portion of his boyhood in Greece, where he was exposed to traditional Greek pottery. In the 1940s, he went to the United States to study painting and sculpting at the California College of Arts and Crafts. In the 1950s, he began experimenting with ceramics and immediately earned notoriety for his abstract expressionist ceramic sculptures, which defied conventional ceramic rules and pushed the medium’s bounds. Voulkos was a significant player in the American craft movement and taught at various universities. He died in 2002, yet his work is still admired for its vitality, originality, and invention.
Voulkos’ Unique Style Of Painting And Sculpture
Peter Voulkos is noted for his distinct painting and sculpture style, which is distinguished by the use of brilliant colors and expressive shapes. He worked with a variety of forms, ranging from traditional vessel shapes to more abstract, sculptural works. Voulkos’ work was frequently characterized by energetic, expressive lines and a sense of movement.
He created his creations using a range of techniques including as throwing, hand-building, and slab-building, and he frequently integrated found objects and other non-traditional materials. In order to give his pieces depth and movement, he also used vibrant colors and glazes.
Voulkos’ work defied established ceramic conventions and pushed the medium’s limitations. He is widely regarded as having revolutionized ceramics and paved the way for modern ceramic artists. He was a key role in the 1950s and 1960s American craft movement, and his work continues to inspire and influence artists today.
Voulkos’ Influential Role In The Development Of Modern Art.
Peter Voulkos is regarded as a forerunner in the evolution of modern art. He is primarily renowned for his ceramics, but he also dabbled with painting and sculpting in his youth. He was highly influenced by the abstract expressionist movement, as evidenced by his early works in painting and sculpture. In the 1950s, he began experimenting with ceramics and immediately earned notoriety for his abstract expressionist ceramic sculptures, which defied conventional ceramic rules and pushed the medium’s bounds.
Voulkos is credited with transforming the ceramic medium and setting the path for modern ceramists. His work was strongly gestural, aggressive, and dynamic, and was heavily influenced by the American West. He was a significant character in the American craft movement of the 1950s and 1960s, and his work is regarded as pivotal in the creation of the pop art movement, owing to his use of vibrant colors, commercial forms, and the way he merged high art and popular culture.
Voulkos’ Impact On The Art World
Peter Voulkos was a powerful player in the art world. His shows and sculptures were highly recognized and acclaimed, and he was a key participant in the 1950s and 1960s American craft movement. His work is distinguished by the use of brilliant colors, dramatic shapes, and dynamic, expressive lines, which defied conventional ceramic standards and pushed the medium’s limitations.
Voulkos’ work was significantly influenced by the American West, and he is regarded as a forerunner in the evolution of contemporary art. He was also a pivotal player in the development of the pop art movement, because to his use of vibrant colors, commercial forms, and his ability to merge high art and popular culture.
Voulkos’ influence on later artists, notably in the realm of ceramics, is well acknowledged. Andy Warhol, who was noted for his use of commercial imagery and found things in his paintings, appreciated his work. Many current ceramists continue to push the medium’s boundaries and use uncommon materials and techniques, and Voulkos’ impact may be evident in their work.
His legacy lives on via his numerous students and the countless ceramic artists he inspired. His impact on the art world continues to be felt today.
What Significance Does The Los Angeles County Museum Of Art Have In Peter Voulkos’s Life And Work?
The Los Angeles County Museum of Art (LACMA) is important in Peter Voulkos’ life and work. In the early 1950s, he began teaching at the Otis Art Institute, which was one of the first to exhibit his ceramics. His ceramics are well represented in the LACMA collection, and many of his major works have been shown there throughout the years, including a retrospective of his work in 1989.
Furthermore, LACMA was instrumental in promoting his work and presenting it to a wider audience. The museum’s backing and acceptance of his work contributed to his prominence as a prominent figure in the American craft movement and the development of modern art.
Furthermore, LACMA contains several of his works in its permanent collection, which means that they will be accessible to the public for a long time, and visitors will be able to see his work and learn about his contributions to the art world.
What Are Some Of The Peter’s Most Important Ceramic Sculptures?
“Black Mountain II” (1954) is regarded as one of Voulkos’ most notable early works, distinguished by its powerful, abstract forms and use of brilliant colors. It is regarded as a landmark piece in the development of contemporary ceramics and is now housed in the permanent collection of New York’s Metropolitan Museum of Art.
“Fresno Suite” (1956-1957): A series of ceramic sculptures regarded to be one of the artist’s most notable works. The sculptures are distinguished by the use of dynamic, gestural lines and the way they merge abstract forms with landscape themes.
“Stack” (1956-1957): A series of sculptures distinguished by the use of stacked and overlapping shapes that convey movement and energy. They are incredibly dynamic because to the usage of various shapes, textures, and colors.
“The Bridge” (1958) is regarded as one of Voulkos’ most notable works from the late 1950s. The sculpture is distinguished by the use of bold, abstract forms and energetic, expressive lines that convey movement and energy.
“Untitled” (1962): This sculpture is regarded as one of Voulkos’ most important 1960s works. This sculpture is distinguished by its use of abstract forms and dynamic, expressive lines that convey movement and energy.
How Do Voulkos’ Own Paintings Reflect His Style As A Sculptor?
In some aspects, Peter Voulkos’ paintings replicate his sculptor style. His paintings and sculptures are distinguished by brilliant colors, expressive shapes, and energetic, gestural lines. These elements can be seen in both his paintings and sculptures.
Voulkos frequently utilized thick, impasto brushstrokes in his paintings to create a sense of movement and energy. This is comparable to how he employed texture and form to create a sense of movement and energy in his sculptures.
Another thing that his paintings and sculptures have in common is that they both portray a sense of spontaneity and improvisation. Voulkos was noted for his rapid and intuitive work, which is evident in both his paintings and sculptures.
Voulkos’ paintings, like his sculptures, frequently portray abstract forms, reflecting his aesthetic vision and interest in abstraction.
What Role Did Otis College Of Art And Design Play In Fostering Voulkos’s Career As An Artist?
Otis College of Art and Design was crucial in advancing Peter Voulkos’s career as an artist. In the early 1950s, Voulkos began teaching at the institution, and his time there had a significant impact on his work and career.
First, the college gave a platform for Voulkos to experiment with various forms and techniques. He began to experiment with ceramics, which became a crucial medium for him and shifted the course of his artistic career. Furthermore, the ceramics program at the college placed a significant emphasis on experimentation, allowing Voulkos to push the boundaries of what was deemed possible in ceramics and develop his own distinct style.
Second, the college helped him gain visibility and recognition. Exhibitions and activities at the college assisted in showcasing his work and bringing it to the notice of a larger audience. This led to further opportunities for him to display his work, including solo and group shows, establishing him as a prominent role in the American craft movement and the development of contemporary art.
Third, Otis College gave Voulkos access to a community of like-minded artists and students with whom he could work and share ideas. Many of his students went on to become successful painters in their own right, and their work reflects Voulkos’ impact.
How Has Newport Harbor Museum Of Art Documented The Development Of Voulkos’s Artistic Style Over Time?
The Newport Harbor Museum of Art has used several methods to chart the evolution of Peter Voulkos’ artistic approach over time.
To begin, the museum has staged and curated a number of exhibitions of Voulkos’ work over the course of his career, including retrospectives and solo shows. These shows provided an in-depth look at his artistic evolution and allowed viewers to understand how his style evolved over time.
Second, the museum has acquired and conserved several of Voulkos’s works in its permanent collection. This comprises pieces from throughout his career, allowing the museum to compare and contrast his work at various stages of his artistic evolution.
Third, the museum has created papers and catalogs that shed light on Voulkos’ artistic process and the growth of his style. These publications frequently contain essays and interviews with the artist, as well as detailed photos of his work that provide context and background information on his artistic progress.
Fourth, the museum has various archives and papers related to the artist and his work, such as photographs, letters, sketches, and other materials that might provide a greater knowledge of how the artist’s style evolved over time.
In What Ways Has Felix Landau Gallery Showcased Peter’s Renowned “Stacks” Works?
Peter Voulkos’ famed “stacks” paintings have been shown at the Felix Landau Gallery in a variety of ways:
To begin, the gallery planned and curated solo exhibitions of Voulkos’ “stacks” works. These shows have allowed people to see a large number of these pieces in one location and appreciate their individual traits and variances.
Second, Voulkos’s “stacks” works have been included in group exhibitions with other notable painters of the time, allowing visitors to compare and contrast his work with that of his contemporaries.
Third, the gallery has created catalogs and publications that focus solely on Voulkos’ “stacks” works, including thorough photographs and information about these works. These catalogs frequently include essays and interviews with the artist and field experts that provide insight into the meaning and relevance of these works.
Fourth, the gallery would provide a platform for collectors and art lovers to acquire the artist’s works, which may be a fantastic opportunity for collectors and art lovers to own a piece of the artist’s renowned “stacks” works.
What Impact Did The New Two-Level Exhibition Space At New York’s Museum Have On Showcasing Peter Voulkos’s Artwork?
The new two-level exhibition area might have the benefit of enabling a more thorough and immersive presentation of Voulkos’s work. If there had been more room, the curators might have been able to display more of Voulkos’s sculptures and ceramics, giving visitors a chance to see more of his creative work. The curators could have grouped the pieces in a way that emphasized particular themes or stylistic elements, and the two-level design might have allowed for a more deliberate and intentional presentation of Voulkos’s work.
The new exhibition venue might also have the effect of elevating Voulkos’s work in the views of viewers and critics. The curators may have been able to highlight the significance and relevance of Voulkos’s work by placing it in a large, contemporary location, establishing him as a leading figure in the field of contemporary ceramics and sculpture.
Finally, it’s conceivable that Voulkos’s work was able to reach a wider, more varied public thanks to the new exhibition space. The exhibition space may have attracted a broader variety of visitors, including those who might not typically be drawn to ceramics or sculpture, because of its sleek and modern design. This might have facilitated the dissemination of Voulkos’s art to new groups and enhanced understanding of his contributions to the art world.
How Did Establishing A New Ceramics Department At Otis College Influence Voukos’s Artistry In Clay Sculpture Forms?
Peter Voulkos’ expertise in clay sculpting shapes was greatly influenced by the establishment of a new ceramics program at Otis College of Art and Design.
First, the new section gave Voulkos a specialized room to work with clay and experiment with it. This allowed him to concentrate on ceramics as his primary medium and to push the material’s boundaries.
Second, the new department gave Voulkos access to students who were eager to learn from and work with him. This enabled him to pass on his expertise and experience to a new generation of artists, inspiring them to think differently about ceramics.
Third, the new department allowed Voulkos to engage with other artists and teachers, broadening his artistic horizons and allowing him to push the frontiers of his own art.
Why Was Peter Voulkos So Successful At Creating Monumental Pieces During His Career As An Artist?
Several factors contributed to Peter Voulkos’s achievement in making gigantic works during his artistic career:
First, he was well-versed in the qualities and potential of clay as a medium. He was able to manipulate and work the clay in such a way that he could make large-scale creations that were both structurally sound and expressive.
Second, he possessed a keen sense of design and composition. His works frequently included bold shapes and strong lines, giving them a great visual impact. He was also able to balance the elements of his sculptures in order to give a sense of dynamism and movement.
Third, he was not hesitant to take chances and push the envelope. He frequently used innovative techniques and materials in his work, such as fusing numerous pieces of clay together in a kiln or adding odd things into his sculptures. Because of his experimentation, he was able to create pieces that were both original and innovative.
Fourth, Voulkos possessed an exceptional sense of scale and proportion, which he utilized to create sculptures of enormous scale and impact.
Finally, Voulkos was a ceramics expert, allowing him to make large-scale sculptures that were both technically amazing and emotionally profound.
Who Were Some Influential Figures Who Supported, Promoted Or Collected Peter Voukos’s Artwork, Especially During His Early Years In Los Angeles And Beyond?
Several notable figures who helped promote and collect Peter Voulkos’ artwork supported and encouraged him throughout his early years in Los Angeles and throughout his career.
Felix Landau, a gallerist who gave Voulkos his first solo show in 1954 and continued to represent him throughout his career, was one of his initial admirers. Landau was a key figure in presenting Voulkos’ work to the Los Angeles art community and establishing him as a major role in the local art scene.
Another key figure who backed Voulkos was Henry Takemoto, the chairman of the ceramics department at Otis Art Institute (now Otis College of Art and Design), where Voulkos taught for many years. Takemoto recognized Voulkos’s abilities early on and provided him with the resources and assistance he required to further develop his skills and style.
Voulkos received support from a number of prominent art museums and institutions, including the Los Angeles County Museum of Art, which staged many solo exhibits of his work and bought several of his pieces for their permanent collection. The Newport Harbor Art Museum in Newport Beach, California, also presented multiple solo exhibitions of Voulkos’ work, documenting his artistic style’s evolution over time.
Many renowned art collectors and supporters backed Voulkos, including Peter and Eileen Norton, who were among the earliest collectors of his work and were instrumental in bringing it to a broader audience.
Conclusion And Summary
Peter Voulkos is regarded as a prominent figure in modern art for a variety of reasons. His pioneering influence in the development of ceramic art as a fine art media is one of the most significant. Voulkos was one of the first artists to push the boundaries of what was possible with clay, creating large-scale, emotive, and abstract works on par with other fine art genres such as painting and sculpture. He was also one among the first artists to abandon traditional ceramic processes in favor of new techniques such as slab building and throwing, which enabled him to create new and dynamic forms.
Voulkos’ influence on the growth of the American studio pottery movement is another reason why he is regarded as an important figure in modern art. Voulkos was a pivotal figure in the drive to elevate ceramic work from its conventional craft status to that of a fine art form. He also had a significant impact on the following generation of ceramic artists, many of whom were his pupils at Otis College of Art and Design, where he founded a ceramics program, and who went on to become notable personalities in their own right.
Finally, Voulkos’ art is remarkable for its strong feeling of originality as well as its capacity to transmit intense emotions. His art is distinguished by the use of vivid colors, bold shapes, and dynamic energy, making it highly expressive and entertaining.
Understanding Peter Voulkos’ work is essential for appreciating his long-lasting impact on the art world. Voulkos was a trailblazing artist who pushed the limits of what could be accomplished with clay and elevated ceramic art to the status of fine art. He also had a significant impact on the next generation of ceramic artists and helped to shape the American studio pottery movement.
To really comprehend and appreciate Voulkos’ work, it is necessary to examine his paintings and sculptures, research his life and career, and learn about his distinctive style, which is distinguished by the use of brilliant colors and powerful shapes. It is also critical to comprehend his position as a teacher and mentor, as many of his students went on to become prominent characters in the art world.
Understanding Voulkos’ work and influence allows one to appreciate his pioneering role in the development of contemporary art as well as his continuing impact on the art world. He was a risk-taking artist who experimented with new shapes and techniques, and his work continues to inspire and influence artists today.
To Learn More About Peter
- Study his paintings and sculptures: Studying Peter Voulkos’ paintings and sculptures is one of the finest ways to understand more about his work. Look for photos of his work online and in books, and take attention to the brilliant colors, bold shapes, and dynamic, expressive lines that he uses.
- Visit Museums and Galleries: Voulkos’ work is represented in many museums and galleries. These shows will allow you to see his work in person, which can be a valuable learning experience.
- Investigate his Biography: Read his biography to learn about Voulkos’ life and career. His biography can help you understand his work and the factors that created it better.
- Look for documentaries about Peter Voulkos and his work to get a feel of the background of his work, the age in which he was working, and the impact of his work on the art world.
- Take classes with ceramic artists influenced by Voulkos’ work if you get the chance. They will be able to share firsthand information and insights into his procedures and artistic vision with you.
- Participate in workshops and artist lectures: Attend workshops or artist talks focusing on Voulkos’ work or led by artists who have been influenced by him. These occurrences can provide important insights on his work and techniques.
Suggested Reading: Peter Voulkos
- Paul J. Smith’s “Peter Voulkos: A Retrospective” presents a detailed survey of the artist’s life and work, encompassing his early years in Greece and time as a painter and sculptor in the United States.
- Peter Held’s book “Voulkos: The Breakthrough Years” focuses on the artist’s early years in Los Angeles and his involvement in the growth of the American studio pottery movement.
- Karen K. Butler’s “Peter Voulkos: Works from 1952 to 2003” includes a catalog of the artist’s work as well as an introduction by Paul J. Smith.
- Paul J. Smith’s “Peter Voulkos: A Survey of His Work” is a detailed survey of the artist’s work that includes images of his sculptures and paintings.
- Peter Held’s “Peter Voulkos: The Quest for the Golden Mean” takes an in-depth look at Voulkos’ artistic journey and the impact of his work on the ceramics world.
Peter Voulkos was a highly regarded ceramic artist known for his significant contributions to the California Clay Movement, as well as his pioneering work in combining ceramics with bronze casting. Throughout his career, Voulkos created an extensive body of work, or oeuvre, which includes a wide range of both traditional and avant-garde forms.
Voulkos’s work has been exhibited in galleries and museums throughout the world, including the Frank Lloyd Gallery, where his renowned stacks works were displayed. The artist’s estate continues to showcase his work, including pieces made from fired clay and bronze casting.
In addition to his prolific artistic output, Voulkos was also an influential teacher and mentor, having taught at a number of institutions including the University of California at Berkeley, the University of Washington, Stanford University, and Montana State University.
Despite his innovative approach, Voulkos also remained committed to traditional forms and techniques, often incorporating elements of Japanese pottery into his work. His pieces have been displayed in a variety of settings, including the Quay Gallery and the Renwick Gallery, and his work was included in the Catalogue Project at the National Gallery of Victoria.
Peter Voulkos’S Artistic Career Spanned Several Decades, During Which He Gained A Reputation As A Highly Influential Ceramic Artist
In the 1950s, Voulkos settled in Palm Springs, California, where he developed his style and approach to ceramics. He worked closely with other artists such as Josef Albers, Franz Kline, Ron Nagle, and Soetsu Yanagi, who helped him refine his techniques and hone his creative vision. He also drew inspiration from other ceramicists such as Marguerite Wildenhain and Garth Clark.
In the 1960s, Voulkos’s work took a new direction when he moved to Big Horn, Wyoming, and started to incorporate bronze casting into his practice. He also collaborated with other artists, including Merce Cunningham and Howard Risatti. Margaret Cone, a close friend of Voulkos, described this period as a time of exploration, with Voulkos pushing the boundaries of what was considered possible in ceramics.
Voulkos’s influence extended beyond his immediate circle of artists. He taught at several universities, including the University of California at Berkeley, University of Washington, Stanford University, and Yale University in New Haven. His students included Judith Schaechter, Karen Karnes, Frances Senska, Paul Soldner, and Philip Guston. He also worked alongside other prominent artists such as Jack Tworkov and John Mason.
Voulkos is perhaps best known for his wheel-thrown vessels, which were characterized by their unique forms and expressive surfaces. He also created other sculptural works, including the “Rocking Pot,” which combined a ceramic vessel with a wooden base.
Voulkos’s work received widespread recognition and was exhibited at many prestigious institutions, including the Guggenheim Museum and the Smithsonian Institution. He also received a Guggenheim Fellowship and was recognized for his contributions to ceramics by the Japanese Aesthetic Society.
Peter Voulkos Was A Ceramics Iconoclast Who Challenged Traditional Techniques And Norms
His artistry influenced many contemporary ceramic artists.
The Shigaraki Ceramic Cultural Park in Japan, where he was a resident artist, has a collection of his works. Bowling Green State University, where he taught, has a collection of his larger works. The Getty Research Institute also houses his archives, including sketches, notes, and photographs.
Throughout his career, Voulkos received numerous awards and honors, including the American Crafts Council’s Distinguished Artist Award, the Norton Simon Museum’s Rodin Museum Prize, and the Stephen De Staebler Award. His son, Panagiotis Harry Voulkos, has continued the legacy by creating ceramic art in his father’s style.
Voulkos had a significant influence on fellow ceramic artists like Kenneth Price, James Melchert, and Michael Frimkess. His mature work was characterized by larger, more monumental pieces that were both abstract and expressive. Voulkos also incorporated performance art into his practice, with anarchic performances that challenged traditional notions of what ceramic art could be.
Voulkos experimented with the circular format, using it to create a transformative wave in his works. He also collaborated with artists outside the ceramics field, including Sol LeWitt and Oppi Untracht.
Peter Voulkos’S Artwork Has Been Exhibited In Various Museums And Galleries
Peter Voulkos’s artwork has been exhibited in various museums and galleries worldwide, including the David & Alfred Smart Museum of Art, Honolulu Academy of Art, Detroit Institute of Arts, Kalamazoo Institute of Arts, Arizona State University Art Museum, Aichi Prefectural Ceramic Museum, Yamaguchi Prefectural Museum, Stedelijk Museum, Musee des Arts Decoratifs de Montreal, Nora Eccles Harrison Museum, Hirshhorn Museum, University of New Hampshire, University of Nebraska, Minneapolis Institute of Arts, Des Moines Art Center, and the Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art. Additionally, his artwork has been featured in several auctions, including Treadway Toomey Auctions and Heritage Auctions. And also, includes the Cincinnati Art Museum, Elvehjem Museum of Art, Utah Museum of Fine Arts, Seattle Art Museum, Yellowstone Art Museum, Milwaukee Art Museum, Boise Art Museum, Minnesota Museum, Henry Art Gallery, Ruth Chandler Williamson Gallery, Crocker Art Museum, Tokyo Folk Art Museum, Yale Center for British Art, Yale University Art Gallery, and Arkansas Arts Center. Voulkos is renowned for his stack pots, which feature forms stacked atop one another, and his unique approach to traditional pottery. His work has been displayed at the Ichon World Ceramic Center, Palm Springs Desert Museum, and the New York Graphic Society. He has also been the subject of exhibitions, such as “Clay’s Tectonic Shift” at the Jeffrey Spahn Gallery, which included works by Robert Rauschenberg and showcased Voulkos’s influence on other artists. Voulkos’s work has been compared to that of artists such as Alberto Giacometti, and he has been influenced by his Greek heritage, as well as artists like Jun Kaneko.
Voulkos’s early career was influenced by mid-century craft dictums, which he later transformed through the use of Japanese wood-firing aesthetics. He studied at the Walker Art Center and Cranbrook Academy before starting his career as a potter at the ship’s foundry. His artwork caught the attention of Robert Arneson, Peter Selz, and Pablo Picasso, who later became his admirers.
Voulkos’s wheel-thrown vessels and ceramic sculptures often feature painted brushstrokes and unique glaze work. His art has been described as a new direction in the ceramics field, which was heavily influenced by traditional forms. Voulkos’s famous works include the “Rocking Pot” and “Red River.” His artwork has also been featured in several group exhibitions, including “New Talent” at the Corcoran Gallery, alongside other prominent artists such as Jackson Pollock and Dante Marioni.
Voulkos’s legacy as an artist has been recognized through various awards, including a Guggenheim Fellowship and the Distinguished Artist Award from the American Crafts Council. His artwork can be found in the collections of many prestigious institutions, including the Getty Research Institute and the Smithsonian Institution. Throughout his career, Voulkos pushed the boundaries of ceramic art and became known as a Ceramics Iconoclast, influencing generations of artists to come.
Voulkos: The Breakthrough Years Glenn Adamson, Andrew Perchuk, Barbara Paris Gifford 2016 While Voulkos’ work has most often been discussed in relation to the practice of ceramics, the writers in this book explore the artist’s work through the scope of art history and in a contemporary light.
By TolneGGG – Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=44849303
By TolneGGG – Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=44841204